Client: COOP Alleanza 3.0
Location: Langhirano, Parma
Architectural design: Marco Contini and Andrea Albertini (CCDP)
Director of works: Marco Contini and Andrea Albertini
Collaborators: Matteo Zaccarelli
Structures and installations: CCDP Centro Cooperativo di Progettazione
Consultant for wooden structures: Schrentewein & Partner srl
Security: Andrea Perini (SIL Engineering)
Type of intervention: new construction
Functional characteristics: new store with reinforced concrete and wood
Area: 3.605 sqm
Usable area: 1.500 sqm
Contractor: ATI (SICREA, Buozzi, Tecton)
Wooden structures: Uniedil
Photographs: Bruno Cattani
A place for architecture
The aim of the project was to give a sense of belonging to the place to a building usually built with little relation to the context.
Overcoming the concept of a mere container for an architecture that plays an urban role at the entrance to the town.
With this objective, the building arranged along the east-west axis perpendicular to the valley, extends with an arcade to the main road, ideally resuming the alignment with an old mill located along the main road and marking the entrance to the town and the arrival point of the pedestrian routes.
The volume of the building is quite simple: a parallelepiped in which the perimeter walls bend to form the roof, inclined as in all traditional buildings in the area.
The cladding material for the walls and the roof is the same, a copper-green metal sheet, while the basement is in exposed reinforced concrete.
The part of the building that overlooks the main relationship space, connected with the portico, is characterized by the transparency of the windows and the entrance volumes that welcome and open to the visitor.
The apparent simplicity of the interior is the result of a careful integration between the functional needs, the structure and the plant parts in order to obtain a comfort inside linked to factors such as the quality of light, air and visual and acoustic perception.
Structure and materials
The structural typology differs in the two floors of the building: the basement used as a car park is made of a reinforced concrete structure with vertical partitions and above it a bi-directional lightened ceiling. This solution made it possible to simplify both the foundation structure avoiding the use of plinths, and the floor structure avoiding lowered beams, so as to contain the height of the inter-storey and the depth of the excavation.
The upper floor for sale, on the other hand, is characterized by the use of a structure with pillars and glulam beams, braced along the perimeter of the building by cross-laminated solid wood walls (X-Lam). A series of slender steel pillars centrally support the wooden beams about thirteen metres long on each side.
The roofing ceiling was made with a box structure consisting of a double layer of glued and pressed (OSB) wood flake panels with a series of glulam joists and mineral wool insulation.
The extensive use of wood is related to the client’s choices for an ecological footprint of the building considering that the use of wood, a carbon-neutral raw material, plays a leading role in the global reduction of CO2 emissions and represents an essential and effective factor for climate protection by preserving its carbon content throughout its life cycle.